You're asking several questions here, which I'll try to address.
The rules are defined, but the most important rules not stated.
The most important rules are about how to ask a good question, which is what you didn't follow and got you banned. Additionally, the question banning policy is prominently stated in the help centre, and the first time you were banned for a week this link should have appeared for you. Normally I'm opposed to the assumption that users have read a lot of the meta pages and blog posts, but this is not the case here. Your situation could have been avoided by following the information on some of the most prominent pages on the help centre like "How do I ask a good question?" or "Why is the system asking me to wait a day or more before asking another question?". I'm sorry if this came as a surprise to you, but you are expected to put in a a enough time to understand a few basic rules, especially when you're asked to improve your questions.
How many "questions received poorly" can be asked before restriction.
As explained on the blog post linked in the ban explanation page, "The details of this algorithm have to be kept vague, because we don’t want people to game it or exploit it."
how many votes can one person give to another?
What was unclear about this and why is it so important to you? This is listed in the FAQ for stack exchange listed here.
Why can't upgrades be made to this system for one user to block another if they are bored and/or annoyed by the questioner thus allowing lower lever users to answer it for them?
This would imply that the quality standards on this site are personal and arbitrary and that questions that are hard to answer are OK for some people but not for others. This is not the case. For example, say you ask a "why not" question about plausibility of a novel idea that defies several airplane-building principles. Having that question looked at by a different person doesn't suddenly make it a thoroughly researched and clear question with a fact-based answer.
Just to be clear, you weren't banned from asking questions because one or two people took a personal issue with your questions. Most of your closed questions were closed by completely different sets of people, indicated a large consensus that your questions could use improvement.